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Flour
  cup gram oz
  1/8 (0.125) cup 15 g 0.5 oz
  1/4 (0.25) cup 30 g 1.1 oz
  1/3 (0.33) cup 40 g 1.4 oz
  3/8 (0.375) cup 45 g 1.6 oz
  1/2 (0.5) cup 60 g 2.1 oz
  5/8 (0.625) cup 70 g 2.5 oz
  2/3 (0.66) cup 75 g 2.6 oz
  3/4(0.75) cup 85 g 3 oz
  7/8 (0.875) cup 100 g 3.5 oz
  1 cup 120 g 4.2 oz

 

Sugar
  cup gram oz
  1 teaspoon 4.25 g 0.15 oz
  1 tablespoon 13 g 0.4 oz
  1/4 (0.25) cup 57 g 2 oz
  1/3 (0.33) cup 75 g 2.7 oz
  3/8 (0.375) cup 85 g 3 oz
  1/2 (0.5) cup 113 g 4 oz
  5/8 (0.625) cup 142 g 5 oz
  2/3 (0.66) cup 151 g 5.3 oz
  3/4(0.75) cup 170 g 6 oz
  7/8 (0.875) cup 198 g 7 oz
  1 cup 227 g 8 oz

 

Butter & Margarine
  cup gram oz Sticks
  1 tablespoon 14 g 0.4 oz 1/8
  1/4 (0.25) cup 57 g 2 oz 1/2
  1/3 (0.33) cup 76 g 2.7 oz  
  3/8 (0.375) cup 85 g 3 oz 3/4
  1/2 (0.5) cup 113 g 4 oz = 1/4 lb 1
  5/8 (0.625) cup 142 g 5 oz 1-1/4
  2/3 (0.66) cup 151 g 5.3 oz  
  3/4(0.75) cup 170 g 6 oz 1-1/2
  7/8 (0.875) cup 198 g 7 oz 1-3/4
  1 cup 227 g 8 oz = 1/2 lb 2

 

Water (Liquid)
  cup ml fl oz
  1 tablespoon 15 ml 0.5 fl oz
  1/4 (0.25) cup 59 ml 2 fl oz
  1/3 (0.33) cup 79 ml 2.7 fl oz
  3/8 (0.375) cup 89 ml 3 fl oz
  1/2 (0.5) cup 118 ml 4 oz = 1/4 lb
  5/8 (0.625) cup 148 ml 5 fl oz
  2/3 (0.66) cup 158 ml 5.3 fl oz
  3/4 (0.75) cup 177 ml 6 fl oz
  7/8 (0.875) cup 207ml 7 fl oz
  1 cup 235 ml 8 fl oz = 1/2 lb

 

Approximate Equivalents
1 quart (liquid) about 1 liter    
1 cup brown sugar   170 g 6 oz
1 cup confectioners' sugar   128 g 4-1/2 oz
1 large egg 1/4 cup 57 g 2 oz
1 large egg yolk 1 tablespoon + 1 teaspoon 20g 0.7oz
1 large egg white 2 tablespoon + 2 teaspoon 30g 1 oz
lemon juice from 1 medium lemon 2-3 tablespoon    
lemon juice from 1 large lemon 3-4 tablespoon    

 

Temperature Conversion - F to C
(F)
(C)
 
-10
-23.3
freezer storage
0
-17.7
 
32
0
water freezes
50
10
 
68
20
room temperature
100
37.7
 
150
65.5
 
205
96.1
simmering water
212
100
boiling water
300
148.8
 
325
162.8
 
350
177
 
375
190.5
baking temperature
400
204.4
 
425
218.3
hot oven
450
232
 
475
246.1
very hot oven
500
260
 
525
274
 
550
288
 
575
302
 
600
315
 
625
330
 
650
343
 
675
357
 
700
371
 

For other conversions, I found this online conversion tool is very useful.